Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of Dice: Shapes, Materials & Sizes

Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of Dice: Shapes, Materials & Sizes

Dice have been used for centuries, serving as tools for games, divination, and decision-making. From the iconic six-sided die to the more exotic and specialized variations, dice come in a wide array of shapes, sizes and materials, each with its unique purpose and charm.

Here is everything you need to know about the different types of dice that exist.

Dice Shapes

While most people are familiar with the standard six-sided die used in board games and craps, dice enthusiasts and gamers often encounter a diverse selection of dice that come in various shapes.

  1. Six-Sided Dice (D6)

The six-sided die, commonly known as the D6, is one of the most recognizable and widely used dice in gaming. It is often the first type of die encountered by individuals, often in board games, card games, or the popular game of craps. These dice have six faces, each displaying a different number from 1 to 6, with opposing faces always adding up to 7.

  1. Four-Sided Dice (D4)

The D4, also called a pyramid die, is a unique and intriguing type of dice with four triangular faces. It's often used in role-playing games (RPGs) to determine damage, as well as in various other games and puzzles. The numbers are evenly distributed around the faces, and each vertex corresponds to a different number.

  1. Eight-Sided Dice (D8)

D8s are octahedral-shaped dice with eight triangular faces. They are frequently used in RPGs for generating random numbers within a specific range, such as character attributes, damage rolls, and more. The numbers are arranged in a way that each face is equidistant from the others, ensuring a fair roll.

  1. Ten-Sided Dice (D10)

D10s come in two distinct varieties: the percentile dice (percentile D10) and the regular D10. The regular D10 has ten sides with numbers ranging from 0 to 9. Percentile D10s, often used alongside regular D10s, display numbers from 00 to 90. These dice are commonly used in RPGs and various tabletop games.

  1. Twelve-Sided Dice (D12)

D12s are dodecahedral-shaped dice with twelve faces, each displaying a different number. They are commonly used in RPGs for generating damage or determining outcomes of various in-game events. The arrangement of numbers ensures that the die has equal odds of landing on any face.

  1. Twenty-Sided Dice (D20)

D20s are icosahedral-shaped dice with twenty faces, each showing a different number. These are staples in RPGs for rolling high-impact damage or resolving complex in-game situations. The numbers are evenly distributed, making the D20 a fair choice for random outcomes. 

Dize Sizes

Similar to the wide range of dice shapes, dice also come in many different sizes from giant yard game sized dice to micro dice where you can fit hundreds in the palm of your hands!

  1. Micro Dice (5mm)

Micro dice are incredibly tiny, measuring around 5mm (less than ¼ inch) on each side. They are used in micro games, which are tabletop games that are compact and portable. Micro dice offer a challenge for those with nimble fingers and excellent eyesight, and they add an element of novelty to these bite-sized games.

  1. Mini Dice (8mm)

Mini dice, as the name suggests, are much smaller than standard dice. They typically measure around 8mm (about ⅓ inch) on each side. These lightweight, mini dice are popular for gaming, travel games, keychain accessories, and games where space is limited. They are also used for decorative purposes and crafting.

  1. Small Dice (12mm)

Larger than micro and mini, small dice typically measure around 12mm (about ½ inch) on each side. These dice are popular for travel games, keychain accessories, and games where space is limited. They are also used for decorative purposes and crafting.

  1. Standard-Sized Dice (16mm)

The standard-sized dice are the most commonly found in board games, casinos, and recreational gaming. These dice measure 16mm (about ⅝ inch) on each side for the traditional six-sided dice. They are easy to handle and read, making them ideal for a wide range of games, from Monopoly to Yahtzee.

  1. Precision Casino Dice (19mm)

Casinos use precision casino dice, which are slightly larger than standard dice, measuring 19mm (about ¾ inch) on each side. These dice are carefully manufactured to be perfectly balanced and fair, ensuring that games of chance are just that – purely based on luck.

  1. Oversized Dice (25mm)

Oversized dice, while not as large as giant dice, are still notably bigger than the standard-sized ones. They usually measure 25mm (about 1 inch) or more on each side. These dice are commonly found in novelty or party games where readability and visibility are key, ensuring everyone can see the outcome of a roll without squinting.

  1. Giant Dice (50mm)

On the opposite end of the spectrum are giant dice. These massive cubes can measure 50mm (about 2 inches) or more on each side. Giant dice are often used for outdoor games like giant Jenga or oversized versions of traditional board games. They add a fun and unique dimension to gaming, and they're a hit at events and parties.

Dize Materials

Now that we've gone over the different types of dice shapes and sizes, let's delve into the various materials that are used to make dice. You'll be surprised at how many different materials can be used to make dice giving each pair of dice a unique design.

  1. Acrylic Dice

Acrylic dice are a popular choice among tabletop gamers and collectors. Crafted from high-quality acrylic, these dice come in a wide range of colors and patterns, making them an attractive and customizable option. Their lightweight nature and vibrant appearance make them a favorite among gamers who enjoy expressing their individuality and style at the gaming table.

  1. Resin Dice

Resin dice are known for their versatility and unique aesthetic. Crafted by embedding various materials within transparent resin, these dice often feature captivating inclusions like flowers, glitter, or even small trinkets. Resin dice are cherished for their three-dimensional quality, offering a glimpse of enchanting worlds encased within each die.

  1. Wood Dice

Wooden dice provide a warm and natural aesthetic that appeals to both gamers and artists. Handcrafted from various wood types, these dice can be further personalized through techniques such as pyrography (wood-burning) or intricate carving. The tactile experience of rolling wooden dice adds a unique dimension to tabletop gaming.

  1. Stone Dice

Stone dice are prized for their weight and durability. Crafted from various minerals and gemstones, each stone die carries a unique visual appeal and energy. Stone dice can range from polished marble for a classic look to semi-precious stones like amethyst or lapis lazuli, adding an element of luxury to any gaming collection.

  1. Metal Dice

Metal dice exude an air of sophistication and heft, making them a favorite among gamers who appreciate quality and durability. Typically made from materials like zinc alloy, brass, or aluminum, these dice are known for their resilience and satisfying roll. Metal dice often feature engraved or painted numbers that stand out against the metallic finish, ensuring clear and distinct results during gameplay.

Other Specialty Dice

In addition to all of the above types of dice, there is also a plethora of specialty dice designed for specific purposes or themes. Some notable examples of novelty dice include:

  • Fudge Dice: These six-sided dice have two blank sides, two sides with a plus (+), and two sides with a minus (-). They are commonly used in storytelling and role-playing games for more narrative-driven outcomes.
  • Poker Dice: A set of five dice used for poker games, with each die featuring the traditional playing card symbols – hearts, clubs, diamonds, spades, and aces.
  • Astrological Dice: These unique dice feature astrological symbols and are used in divination and astrology-related games.
  • Educational Dice: Dice with letters, numbers, or mathematical symbols, often used in educational games to make learning fun.

Dice come in all shapes, sizes and materials catering to a wide range of preferences and gaming experiences. They are more than just tools for randomization – they are symbols of chance and a source of fascination for people of all ages. Whether you prefer the standard-sized and shape dice for your board games, the excitement of giant dice for outdoor gatherings, or the charm of micro dice for compact games, there is a dice size and shape for every occasion.

So, the next time you roll the dice, take a moment to appreciate the unique designs as well as the diversity and history behind these humble yet versatile gaming instruments.

And if you're looking for the perfect adventure for dice lovers, be sure to book a stay at our Tiny Dice House!


What is your favorite type of dice? Let us know below!

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